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Interview of David Cohen Corval

Interview of David Cohen Corval, one of Ryzom’s founder, Creative Directorat in Nevrax 
By Zatalyz

Z: Tell me more about the "very beginning". From "who"  came the idea of creating Ryzom? How dit it start, originally? An anecdote?

DCC: It started when I was a webmaster at Gaumont (the movie society). Olivier had come a few times to the studio near République. Olivier was an entrepreneur who was unable to stand still and I was also very willing to create something substantial. He and I have always enjoyed paper roleplay and very soon we had explored the idea and the need to make a MMORPG. Olivier was very business oriented, but he also had quite a lot of relationships on the developers and engineers side and in finance. On my side, I already knew quite a number of good artists for the graphics, sound and animation especially. I was working at this time in the old studios of Luc Besson and I had lots of big names around me! We had created more than 250 websites for Disney, Ghibli and Sony.


Z: And this idea of a totally vegetable world? Where did it come from?

DCC: Vegetable world… First there’s a big influence from Ghibli: Miyazaki, Nausicaa, Mononoke... But not only them. Also we wanted to have choices among the possible universes so we contacted role play creators, who proposed several things to us amongst which was a vegetable world. We started on this idea and then cooperated to transform it and arrive to the excessiveness that we know. Especially regarding the pre-production drawings! I was Nevrax co-founder. Nevrax that was first called Izanagi; and in prod(uction), I’ve been the creative director in charge of the writing, the graphics and the sound. So I was in charge of deciding what entered the game or not.


Z: 
From what I’ve read, I’ve seen you as the spark that launched all of this, and the fire that has fed it for a long time, aren’t you?

DCC: Indeed, I’ve been the one who has led and set the vision, but it was a very collaborative work. Everyone played their part in it and not just put in their  two cents. However, I was the only one who knew everything. Not because it was forbidden to others, but because everyone was very busy with what they had to do and the whole had been in a state of permanent evolution for a long time. So I was often led to keep the ones and the others informed about what was changing and might affect them.


Q: It must have been quite invigorating, all these people gathered to create a world…

DCC: Yes, and very exciting. But had we to do it again, we wouldn’t do it the same way :)


Z:
 What would you change / do otherwise?

DCC: Oh my, huge topic! It would take us two days! The start, the pre-production. It should have lasted a lot longer and with a lot fewer people. But because we were in a hurry, very excited, and very inexperienced, we rushed to the 2D drawings without enough exploration of our ideas or preparation of the ground. None of us had ever done this kind of game. Next I think we should have released a smaller game sooner, but working very well. Keep it in alpha for a good time to fiddlewith it in detail, and then release a beta a bit bigger and come out with a well broken in production capacity. 

Start small, but then update on a very regular basis. At the release you especially need for the mechanisms to be already well developed, robust, efficient and especially ready to have the next game area grow. Producecontent then with tools going the in game’s direction. By this time our 3D was very good on a detailed level, but it was plague to produce it, and I’m not even mentioning the landscape in tiles, the hyper-long compilations…


Z: Er this hasn’t changed that much… the pipeline is still giving us cold sweat! On the other hand, the particles system is still rocking, a must!

DCC: Indeed particles were great. The level design tools weren’t simple either! However, there weren’t hu ndreds of us as there were at Blizzard. 

The interface took a long time to set up also. There are lots of things that I would do differently. 

Yet, with time, only good memories remain, memories that  arise mostly from the team of that time. One thing that I wouldn’t change!


Z: Do you know where the names Georges (the editor) and Sabrina (for the balancing points of the Sbricks) come from? Oh yes, I’ve got technical questionsin my bag!

DCC: Georges and Sabrina were christened by the teams who created them. We were fed up with the technical names for the tools. The idea had been floated to give them people names. Maybe starting from an acronym, then someone might have said Georges and another one answered Sabrina. Why couldn’t tools and technology be female after all?


Z: I’ve also seen that Stallman was a member of the "strategy group" (source: [color=#ffcc00][i]http://www.journaldunet.com/0111/011127nervax.s html[/i][/color]  )? He had a real role in Nevrax?  

DCC: Ah, Richard... The man with the flute. 

Olivier and others on the team were fans of Free Software. And Olivier brought Stallman to evangelize a bit at Nevrax. Stallman ended up on the Board of the company as an advisor. 

He came, made some speeches for one day. I played Diggeriddo with him. He said we had to start to rewrite Photoshop and 3DS Max before we could make our game, which of course had to be done on Unix, then he left and we never saw him again. So no, no strategic role. He didn’t even speak about us outside and has never given any advice. Which doesn’t remove a thing from his vain wishes. I’m ultra-glad to have risen to the challenge of OpenSource, but it hasn’t helped us so much to develop the game. No one has ever raced to code with us, find and fix bugs. Vianney may contradict me, he knows all this better than me who doesn’t understand a thing in code.


Z: A mitigated track record… but Free is a complex mechanism.

DCC: Very complex. I’m delighted to have done this choice, but it was the origin of lots of frustrations also.


Z: A very important question! If I’m to forget it, I’ll be frowned upon."Have you kept some documentation somewhere?"

DCC: I wasn’t allowed to when I left. Of course I’ve got some documents, but nothing that you don’t already have.


Z: In the concept art we find the "Kalab" people. What happened to them and why aren’t they implemented in game?

DCC: It was impossible to do it at that time: exoskeletons, cities hung in the air, the builds of the character which didn’t match with the other peoples… And we had to chose four peoples, period. There was not enough time to create all of them. Well, not enough time… Let’s say not enough money, rather. 

 

Z: There are pretty images left as a result. Was there something planned for the players to go back to the Old Lands one day? Would they have been able to find some Momos back there (the primitive race exterminated by the Matis)? Some players have also asked me “Why the Momos have been exterminated?” and I was wondering if maybe it wasn’t just “because” (those are nasty Matis!!!).

DCC: Lots of projects, but not enough time to realize all of them, nor even sometime to write them. That’s why some things are mentioned today in the book that I’m writing, because I knew where I wanted to lead all this. But I had no time to write it down on nice production documents. It probably contributed to my desire to write today. 

Not nasty Matis, but frightened Matis.


Z: Another expert question : Is it true that Ma-Duk wasn’t part of the original notion of Ryzom ? Or was it there from the start and just revealed late?

DCC: Ma-Duk has first been a production concept, not in-game. To hold a world, you need a mythology of its creation, true or not. You need one that is, especially in Fantasy, visible in its effects, in this case the Kamis. Where are they from? What are they for? Are they related to something bigger? All these questions have to be addressed in the game evolution, with great revelations on top. Nothing has ever been written in the game or in production on this topic. It doesn’t mean that the box is empty, not as far as I’m concerned at least. 

Ma-Duk arrived a bit later in the game indeed, but not because the backstory wasn’t one of the priorities, far from it. It was introduced in some texts to enliven the universe’s background, to give more identity basis and actually to place an intrigue that leads back to the origin, but not only, since Ma-Duk was supposed to appear in the game. From origin it became source. Permanent source. A bit like Jena on Karavan side. Both entities were supposed, one day, to reappear with others.


Z: Others? Such as Elias or others also?

DCC: Yes, him also. The backstory talked about them. A common history, leading to Atys as it is at the game time, with new unexpected developments over time, on a longtime scale. They are real people, with a legendary past and so a bit altered, but real ones anyway in Atys history and with intrigues still running that the players were supposed to discover the ins and outs of within the game evolution.

Of course it hasn’t been possible and I understood it quite soon when we started the third production year. We were under a deadline, me as the first of all, and so I left my notes out to concentrate on the survival of thesociety and the project release. Ma-Duk, Jena and Elias have hence never walked in game, in the texts. What is true on the other hand, is that none of them was in the bibles from the prod and pre-prod. Jena is on the game’s cover because she was supposed to appear later. 

I wanted a backstory that was not only wallpaper. I wanted for the important characters of the past to resurface in the present of the game with consequences.


Z: And that means… we’re still waiting for Jena!

DCC: Well yeah. So am I! Jena, Elias, Ma-Duk..


Z: What have you done since the last time you’ve been seen officially on Ryzom? Since the end of Nevrax?

DCC: In ten years, quite a lot of things. Two children first and a nice wedding! I’ve also traveled, for example I’ve crossed China over three months, from Mongolia to Hong Kong. I’ve also done some consulting for an online game, of the same kind as Anno Online. I also had something of a big timeout. Nevrax wasn't exactly a walk in the park, Ryzom wasn't  either, and I  took some time recovering from lots of things. I sat down and thought about what I wanted to do: video games, online or not, are very constraining and not only because of the technology, or the size of the teams and the investments.It’s very specific as a work and creation environment. 

I’ve been offered jobs, very nice jobs, but the huge investments in play mean that these are systematically organizations where the internal politics dimension is heavy. So I decided to go towards writing. I’ve also done a lot of it, and for Ryzom it was tons, but in the form of production documents intended for the teams only. So it was more some encyclopedia, with a very factual, objective and high-level point of view. Nothing to do with the story of a few heros, their introspections, etc. So I followed 2 courses.One in the CEEA in Paris writing TV series, and the other one with a US script doctor based in L.A.


Z: So you’ve fond your way to writing scenarios for TV and movies?

DCC: It was great, I sold 2 concepts for TV series to French productions, but nothing happened with them. That world is ultra-closed from inside, same as a submarine, and the status of the author stays very far in the background of the project, if ever it is done. I turned then to writing books and, there, I’ve really enjoyed it. So I started a series (I need room, I’m finding stand-alones too short).  did the book and I put it aside to restart some training work, because I saw a lot of things to correct. 

Then, I left Paris to settle in Switzerland, where my family is living, and I’ve started a second series. The first series, called “Liddy Nobody”, targeted the children. I was just about to take it over when a friend proposed me to collaborate on another one, more adult, of Fantasy. Liddy already was Fantasy, but youth writing requires specific efforts from me. More adult Fantasy gives me a lot more freedom and so I said “Why not? Let’s give it a try.” 

That was a year ago. We’ve just finished book 1, currently being checked by pros for the corrections. Translation into English is already in progress. It’s called Anthalys and I’m in the middle of my work on book 2, I’ve got to complete it by April 2016.


Z: I’m looking forward to reading this!

DCC: Anthalys should indeed appeal a lot to Ryzomians. I’m looking forward releasing it, but you’ll have to wait, because I first have to finish the 2nd before releasing the 1st. That being said, there will probably be some exclusiveness for Ryzom players.


Z: Can you reveal a bit more on the theme of Anthalys? Or is it better to wait for the official release?

DCC: Anthalys is an epic Fantasy saga. The story takes place on a mostly wild planet. Four diffrent points of view, four totally different environments — desert, lagoons, jungle and very, very, very high canopies… 

The first book has 70 000 words, with illustrations. The second book should be twice that big and will be released both in the US and in France, first as e-book and then as paper book, except in France, where I still don’t know.


Z: It will please Ryzom’s fan to learn all this. You’ve followed what happened to the game after you left?

DCC: Yes, but from far off. I wasn’t in the game, but I’ve followed. There has been lots of tumult and I’m all the more appreciative of the efforts done by the ones who’ve maintained it on line and have made it evolve to still be there today. There is something special, very special, about this game -- and on both sides. Dev side and players side.


Z:
 Yes, it’s an epic battle… and isn’t finished yet! Some players have asked me things related to the new material. For example, the arrival of the marauder faction and what is related to it has  jostled the players quite a lot, both the ones who loved it and the ones who haven’t liked… What do you think of this faction,its integration and its interpretation?

DCC: When I was in the project, meaning ten years ago, the marauders were intended to be separatists gathering all races, a bit like the pirates — the true ones — from the time of the monarchies. Nationless but also founders of the democracy, of the vote to chose their leaders and of the “everyone gets its share of the treasure”. Intended to be played one day, but it never managed to happen in production, far from it. 

It has to be understood that Ryzom was first intended to be a world in constant evolution because of the players themselves, not at all a theme park with repetitive attractions as it’s the case for most of the MMO. The world was supposed to be sensitive to your actions. Too much hunting here => shortage for one time => lack of food for the creatures => migrations or notorious increase of the aggro. Same for the peoples. The Fyros Emperor (NPC) decides to raise an army: who wants to enlist? Yes? No? It’s up to everyone to decide, but in the end there will be an army, big or small, no one knows, and what will the Emperor do with it? You don’t know until the day when it sets off towards…the Matis for example. In the same time the Matis King has also raised an army. And the Trykers had to vote to know if they wanted to do the same. In the meantime some guilds are sent in for diplomatic missions, other are mobilised to equip the armies, etc… 

A living world, and not a series of repetitive missions, but in production there were big problems to set up the client & server technologies to allow this kind of thing. And I’m not mentioning the tools for production, level design, etc. At some point, we had to have less big eyes and lots of things went down the drain. As a result, it’s quite difficult for me to know what the marauders have become now.


Z: In what had to go down the drain, there are things that you regretted afterwards?

DCC: Yes. Everything, and it’s really not the fault of the team. This kind of game requires tens of millions for investments and at that time the technology was really totally new. We created everything ourselves from scratch. It was already huge to release the game, but also very frustrating.


Z: Yes, and even today there are things in this game… It’s still at the cutting edge. The creatures groups AI continues to be sublime. You knowI’ve been disappointed, playing more recent MMOs, not to find anything as good othatkind of thing?

DCC: It doesn’t surprise me, but it pleases me that Ryzom still has its say. :) 


Z: On the creative side, you have fun with Ryzom, even if… yeah, if we had more money, we’d appoint devs to update some tools! It’s already amazing that this project could be founded.

DCC: The big investments don’t like to go out on a limb with creativity and originality. Things like the Oculus may change things. Anyway, I’d like a lot to restart Ryzom from scratch to make a real immersive world in VirtualReality.


Z: It’s already late and the translators will complain about the length of the interview… The last question, asked by a fan from the outset: “Do you still have some Ryzom caps?”

DCC: Alas no! I only have one and it’s the one of my wife who was Nevrax general manager. If I steal it from her, I’m dead and probably painfully! Marine doesn’t mess around at all about her Ryzom cap :)


Z: Thanks a lot for this interview :)

---

Tamarea
Ryzom Team Manager
(FR / EN / ES)

tamarea@ryzom.com



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